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Glossary

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Term Main definition
Ground loop noise
Electromagnetic interference that is created when equipment is grounded at ground points having different potentials, thereby creating an unintended current path. Equipment should always be grounded to a single ground point.
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GSM

GSM (Global System for Mobile Communications, originally Groupe Spécial Mobile), is a standard developed by the European Telecommunications Standards Institute (ETSI) to describe the protocols for second-generation (2G) digital cellular networks used by mobile phones, first deployed in Finland in July 1991.

As of 2014 it has become the default global standard for mobile communications - with over 90% market share, operating in over 219 countries and territories.

2G networks developed as a replacement for first generation (1G) analog cellular networks, and the GSM standard originally described a digital, circuit-switched network optimized for full duplex voice telephony. This expanded over time to include data communications, first by circuit-switched transport, then by packet data transport via GPRS (General Packet Radio Services) and EDGE (Enhanced Data rates for GSM Evolution or EGPRS).

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Guided ray
A ray that is completely confined to the fiber core.
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