The end-to-end transmission or communications path over which application-specific equipment is connected. Through multiplexing several channels, voice channels can be transmitted over an optical channel.
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|Channel insertion loss||
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|Channel service unit/digital service unit (CSU/DSU)||
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The impedance that an infinitely long transmission line would have at its input terminal. If a transmission line is terminated in its characteristic impedance, it will appear (electrically) to be infinitely long, thus minimizing signal reflections from the end of the line.
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A bracket used for making cable installation easier.
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The spreading of a particular light pulse because of the varying refraction rates of the different colored wavelengths. Different wavelengths travel along an optical medium at different speeds. Wavelengths reach the end of the medium at different times, causing the light pulse to spread. This chromatic dispersion is expressed in picoseconds per kilometer per nanometer (of bandwidth). It is the sum of material and waveguide dispersions. See also waveguide dispersion, material dispersion.
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Cabling slang for the continual rearrangement of the various connections in a data connection frame. Office environments where network equipment and phones are frequently moved will experience a high churn rate.
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A communications path between two pieces of associated equipment.
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Name for the material (usually glass, sometimes plastic) that is put around the core of an optical fiber during manufacture. The cladding is not designed to carry light, but it has a slightly lower index of refraction than the core, which causes the transmitted light to travel down the core. The interface between the core and the cladding creates the mode field diameter, wherein the light is actually held reflectively captive within the core.
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A mode of light that propagates through and is confined to the cladding.
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(1) ISO/IEC 11801 channel designation utilizing twistedpair cabling rated to 100KHz. Used in voice and low-frequency applications. Comparable to TIA/EIA Category 1 cabling; not suitable for networking applications. (2) IP addresses that have a range of numbers from 1 through 127 in the first octet.
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(1) ISO/IEC 11801 channel designation utilizing twistedpair cabling rated to 1MHz. Used in medium bit-rate applications. Comparable to TIA/EIA Category 2 cabling; not suitable for networking applications. (2) IP addresses that have a range of numbers from 128 through 191 in the first octet.
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(1) ISO/IEC 11801 channel designation utilizing twistedpair cabling rated to 16MHz. Used in high bit-rate applications. Corresponds to TIA/EIA Category 3 cabling. (2) IP addresses that have a range of numbers from 192 through 223 in the first octet.
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